The regime introduces rules on various crypto tokens, including cryptocurrencies and stablecoins, in the Dubai International Financial Centre.
On November 1, 2022, the Dubai Financial Services Authority (DFSA) crypto token regulatory regime came into effect.
The rules expand upon the DFSA framework for regulating investment tokens established in 2021 (the 2021 Rules). The Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC) regime defines a token as a cryptographically secured digital representation of value, rights, or obligations which may be issued, transferred, and stored electronically, using distributed ledger technology (DLT) or other similar technology. The 2021 Rules only regulated investment tokens, which comprised security tokens and derivative tokens (in essence, tokenized equivalents of conventional securities and derivatives, respectively) (the Investment Tokens). Pursuant to the 2021 Rules, persons carrying out certain activities with Investment Tokens (e.g., issuing, offering, holding, promoting, dealing, advising, brokering) need to obtain approval from the DFSA and comply with certain obligations.