Earlier this year, the International Atomic Energy Agency confirmed that Iran had met its initial obligations under the Joint Plan of Action (Joint Plan) with the “P5+1” (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China and Germany). Iran’s suspension of sensitive nuclear activities triggered temporary relaxation of certain sanctions, but most restrictions and an aggressive enforcement climate remain in place. The US government has cautioned that the sanctions relief is “limited, temporary, targeted, and reversible.”