Financial Conduct Authority

The second half of 2012 saw a number of major financial institutions censured for the alleged manipulation of submissions made to the British Bankers’ Association (BBA) for the compilation of BBA LIBOR. In addition to direct enforcement action against those alleged to have participated in such manipulation, regulators have also taken significant steps to reform LIBOR itself and the method by which it is determined.  GCC financial institutions and borrowers will be concerned to ensure that these